Reports

Who is responsible for the human catastrophe in Afghanistan?

There has been a major increase in civilian casualties as a result of the new tactics of the Taliban and other extremist and insurgent groups in the last three months, which has left at least 450 dead and more than 2,000 wounded. This is unacceptable for human rights activists in Afghanistan and they express their deep concerns about this issue. They acknowledge that the following two factors are the main reasons for this disaster in Afghanistan.

First, Taliban insurgents and other extremist groups, including the Pakistani Taliban, ISIL and the Haqqani Network are committing crimes against humanity and are killing and terrorizing Afghan people by applying various advanced tactics every day. They use the weaknesses that exist in the leadership of the Afghan security forces and they always target the populated and crowded areas and cause civilian casualties.

Second, the Afghan government. The Afghan government has appointed people with disabilities and lack of administrative capacity, on top of this lack of leadership in the security and intelligence sectors of the country based on personal or party preferences creates gaps and flows in the leadership of security forces. When security forces are led by those who are not capable of governing, thus it paves the way for insurgent groups to implement their sinister plans at any place in Afghanistan easily. Admittedly, the blast at Tebyan Center in the western part of Kabul city and the terrorist attack on the Intercontinental Hotel represents the lack of leadership in security forces and shows how horrific, cruel and dangerous the insurgent groups are and can be.

In order to reduce the casualties of civilians and to protect civil and social institutions, the people of Afghanistan are calling on all human rights activists and organizations around the world to exert pressure on the Taliban insurgents and other terrorist groups to stop violence against civilians and ask Afghan government to bring reforms in security forces leadership.

At the end, once again the Belgian Independent Human Rights Organization strongly condemns the recent attacks in Kabul and calls for the immediate cessation of this situation in Afghanistan.

A human rights report about violations that relates to Afghanistan from August 2017

  1. Suicide attackers hit Shia worshippers in Herat: The attack took place in the middle of evening prayers when the mosque was packed with about 300 worshipers which dozens were killed and several wounded in critical condition after blast.
  2. Suicide attack hits NATO convoy in Kandahar: Two US soldiers have been killed by a suicide bomber who targeted a convoy of foreign forces in Afghanistan’s southern province of Kandahar.
  3. The Afghan’s robotics team member loses father in attack: Father of Fatemah Qaderyan, who got famous by leading a team of robotics travelling to US, was injured by ISIS’s Herat assault.
  4. Suicide bomber targets military convoy in Kabul: Taliban suicide bomber targets military convoy in Afghanistan’s capital.
  5. Taliban fighters killed in Afghanistan clash: At least 40 Taliban fighters have been killed in a gun battle with Afghan security forces that lasted for 12 hours in Helmand province.
  6. Dozens killed in Afghan massacre: officials say up to 50 people killed in fighting in Mirzawalang village in northern Sar-e- Pul .
  7. Taliban freed 235 villagers in northern Afghanistan: Civilians were released after negotiations between Taliban and tribal elders, but an unknown number of civilians are still hostage.
  8. Unemployed Afghan widows left in poverty: Women widowed as a result of war in Afghanistan are often are often left in poverty.

The United Nations estimates more than two million have lost their husbands in decades of conflicts, some are forced to beg on the streets because they can’t find a job.

  1. Civilians killed in air raid on Taliban base: An investigation has been launched into air raids targeting a Taliban base that resulted in the deaths of at least 13 civilians, including women and children in Herat province.

The Balkh provincial council member details the alleged beating at the hands of Atta

Asif Mohmand, a member of the Balkh Provincial Council in Afghanistan was arrested by security forces at Mazar airport after his supporters allegedly clashed with security forces on Monday night resulting in the death of two people, local officials said on Tuesday.

In addition, three others supporters of Mohmand were wounded in the clash with security forces.

Mohmand has been accused of being involved in corruption in a number of the projects in the province, officials said.

Farhad Munir, a spokesman for the provincial governor says that “Asif Mohmand was arrested by police on the orders of the attorney general and he is under investigation.”

The incident unfolded on Monday when Mohmand landed at Mazar-e-Sharif airport. Police were at the airport to arrest him but according to officials Mohmand’s supporters kept police away from him for ten hours.

However, the Provincial Police Chief Kamal Sadat said: “I am not aware of any warrant for Asif Mohmand’s arrest and he was arrested on Noor’s orders.”

Last week, Mohmand held a press conference where he claimed that the “Governor of Balkh (Atta Mohammad Noor) was planning to assassinate him” because he criticized Noor. He also said the “governor of Balkh threatened him with death.”

At the time Mohmand said he was not able to travel to Balkh and appealed to government to investigate the issues, So president Ashraf Ghani AhmadZai ordered a Team to probe Mohmand’s arrest.

Mohmand was released on Thursday and immediately returned to Kabul where he held a press conference.

Mohmand claimed at the press conference that he was “badly beaten” by Noor, his sons and his bodyguard while allegedly in the governor’s custody.

“His (Atta Mohammad Noor’s) son caught my ear with his teeth and tore it off completely. His other son (Noor’s son) hit here (pointing to his face); his father (Noor himself) beat me badly,” claimed Mohmand.

“One of his (Noor’s) bodyguards named Parwiz said shoot him (Mohmand) with a gun. My hands were tied. He (Parwiz) hit the back of my head with his gun and injured my head. My injuries (to my face)  were bandaged by the National Directorate of Security (personnel); I have not bandaged them,” he added.

Mohmand went on to say: “When he (Parwiz) hit my head, I was left unconscious. Ustad Atta (Atta Mohammadi Noor) put his leg on my neck.”

However, the Balkh governor’s spokesman Munir Ahmad Farhad rejected the claims and said they stem from “personal enmity from Mohmand.”

“It is laughable and is not logical,” he said.

Meanwhile, Gul Rahman Hamdard, the son of Juma Khan Hamdard, former governor of Paktia, rejected claims by the Balkh governor’s office that Hamdard’s militia had tried to prevent the arrest of Mohmand at Balkh airport on Tuesday.

“Let’s conduct an open dialogue and make it clear that the persons who are those fighting against the government in Chamtal, Koh-e-Alborz and Chalborak (districts) in Balkh,” he said.

A number of Balkh residents meanwhile said the current tension over the situation is not benefiting the people and could affect security in the county.

“This issue should be solved peacefully in order to boost security in Mazar city,” said Zubair, a resident of Balkh.

“This issue should be investigated impartially and fairly,” said Omid, another resident of Balkh.

This comes after a fact-finding team from the Presidential Palace was sent to the province on Wednesday and met with the Balkh governor to talk about the issue.

The nine-member team was led by the deputy attorney general of Afghanistan.

Mohmand was arrested late Tuesday night at Balkh international airport by Afghan security forces on charges including forgery of government documents and corruption.

However, a lack of clarity has prevailed as to who issued an arrest warrant. The attorney general’s office has denied having done so.

Unfortunately one of the guards of Asif Mohmand was killed in the incident and four others were wounded this was a bitter event and we the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization strongly condemn the incident.

The Human Rights situation of Afghanistan in 1395 (2016-2017)

The report was based on information obtained from direct observation by field observers, the results of the investigation and prosecution of complaints and cases of human rights abuses, the Violence Against Women Database and the figures collected on civilian casualties. Some of the rights of the separate Afghan Human Rights Commission’s investigation, which has been interviewed with 3329 individuals, has also been used by other AIHRC investigations and reports from other national and international institutions. In the summary of the status report, some of the most important human rights are listed and then some of the main issues of human rights will be described.

The right to life: In Afghanistan, due to the continuation of the war and the spread of violence, the right to life has been seriously threatened in various forms, such as civilian casualties due to suicide attacks, assassinations, honor killings which many citizens are being sacrificed. According to the AIHRC, over the course of the year 1395, a total of 2860 violations of the right to life have been registered, of which 2,823 including civilian casualties and 37 others including executions without trial, assassinations, honor killings, field trials and murders that have not been investigated by the government according to law.

The right to liberty and security: In 1395, Commission recorded 203 case of individual violating the right to liberty and security. While the figure was 199 in 1394 and reached 168 in 1393. According to cases registered with the AIHRC, it can be claimed that violations of the right to liberty and security of individuals caused by the armed forces, powerful local people and armed opposition have increased over the past three years.

The right to marry and to form a family: In Afghanistan, due to the rule of some traditional and cultural adverbs, there are serious obstacles to the free choice of the spouse, and various abuses in the form of forced marriages, badging, exchanging, buying and selling girls, young people, especially young girls, are Deprived from the right of choosing their own spouse. During the fiscal year of 1395, there were 27 cases of violations of the right to freedom of marriage and the choice of spouse in the commission’s data bank, 16 of which were women and girls. 13 are related to the freedom of marriage and the choice of the spouse, and 3 are about being immune from marriage in childhood.

The right to work: The Commission’s findings over the past two years have shown that the government has not only made progress in terms of job growth but also a backdrop. Based on the results of the commission’s field inquiry in 1395, 48% of the interviewees were unemployed. While the unemployed figure reached 46% in 1394. Comparison of the two-year statistics means that the unemployment rate has increased by 2% over the past year. Considering the fact that thousands of educated young people entering the labor market graduate from the universities and science centers of the country each year show that unemployment will remain a problem in the coming years.

The right to freedom from torture and ill-treatment: Despite all the emphases that have banned  torture to protect human dignity and dignity in international and national law, and with all the efforts made to improve the performance of government departments, unfortunately, it continues and through torture and ill-treatment, misbehavior, the human dignity of the citizens is discouraged. According to the commission in 1395, 82 cases of torture and ill-treatment and neglect of human dignity of citizens are registered in the Commission’s offices. The previous year, 101 cases were registered, and comparisons show that the figures for cases of torture, mistreatment, and neglect of human dignity were 10.3% lower than last year.

The right to education: Despite the fact that in recent years the government has been making serious efforts to provide educational facilities and conditions for comprehensive education in the country, many children in different parts of the country are still deprived of the right to education due to serious obstacles. 12.5% ​​of the interviewees (826 people) stated that there is no school in the area or place of living. About 14% of interviewees (897 children) have to travel more than 3km to reach the school, and 7% (48 people) travel more than 6km from home to school every day. Long distance of home-to-school can arise serious threats to children and reduce the quality of their learning and disrupt the education process. The problem of school exclusion, especially for girls, is one of the main obstacles to leaving school. Research findings show that 70% of the interviewed children go to school regularly, 20% cannot go to school, and 10% cannot attend school regularly.

Violence Against Women: This year, violence against women continues through arbitrary punishment and prosecution and continues to be sacrificed. In the year 1395, a total of 5575 cases of violence against women were registered at the commission. The figure for violence in 2013 was 5132. Comparison of the statistics shows that violence figures increased to (8.6%) this year.

Migrants: The latest figures released by the Ministry of Refugees and Returnees indicate that the total number of Afghan refugees reaches 5,538,259, out of which 2.6 million have legal residence and asylum status and Others don’t have legal residency. The process of migrating Afghans to Europe, which continued over the past few years, has been accompanied by many problems. In addition to the pitfalls and dangers of the route to the destination country, the huge economic costs that are being borne by families are one of the main challenges of this process. The harassment of Afghan refugees in different countries and the forced deportation of immigrants from Iran and Pakistan is another issue that has become alarming in recent years.

Civilian casualties: Based on the findings of this report, civilian casualties in the year 1395 increased by 12.48% year-on-year. During the year 1395, civilian casualties reached 10,608 people (2823 killed and 7785 injured), of whom 5681 were dead, 1137 were women and 2980 were children.

Freedom of expression: The government has not systematically created a barrier to freedom of expression, but has not been successful in securing the security of journalists and media staff too. The year 1395 was a bloody year for reporters, and more than 14 media outlets lost their lives this year. According to the National Institutes of Justice, 415 cases of violence against journalists have been recorded. This situation is a serious blow to the media community and freedom of expression in the country.

The Afghan government failed to fulfill it’s obligation to secure the protesters and it is condemned by the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization.

Taliban and ISIS attack in Sar-i-Pul province

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Taliban and ISIS slaughtered more than 150 civilians in Sar-i-Pul province and taken 48 young teenage girls as sex slaves, which are considered human rights violations, and the Afghan government has also neglected in securing these people.
We, the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization condemn this human crime.

Deadly identity politics in Afghanistan

Citizens of Afghanistan who start their days by worrying about another suicide attack, are also facing other threats, one of the most important is the ethnic rivalry of Afghan politicians.
If we ask any resident of Kabul about pre-Taleban, you will hear painful stories.
The days when Kabul, Afghanistan, was divided between ethnic groups when they raided each other’s neighborhoods and treated each other with cruelty.
These crimes are so alive in the minds of Afghan citizens that they are horrified when they see Afghan politicians coming with identity games.
A number of Afghan politicians still have ethnic support among Afghan security forces. The security forces are very loyal to the politicians and because of this loyality there is a split between them too. Which can create a dangerous division within the security forces.

The events that took place near the German embassy in Kabul after a suicide bombing on May 31, the explosion at a funeral and the killing of protesters, highlighted ethnic divisions even among senior Afghan politicians.
The recent move by the three tribal leaders to create a new party is indicative of more strides between Afghan politicians. These leaders, Abdul Rashid Dostum (First Vice President), Mohammad Mohaqiq (Deputy Chief Executive Officer) and Atta Mohammad Noor (governor of Balkh province), who formed the “Rescue of Afghanistan” party, are actually seeking more government involvement and not accountability or respect for human rights.

Short-term policies that the United States had in Afghanistan will not eliminate the fundamental tests of the Afghan government. Examinations include the failure of the government to institutionalize respect for the law in the camp, courts, police and other institutions, and this has failed to make every effort to achieve lasting peace and stability in Afghanistan.
The situation in Afghanistan is so critical that it made 35.000 soldiers to leave Afghanistan and immigrate to European countries in 2 years time, namely in 2015 and 2016. This is like a danger alert for Afghanistan. Already thousands of people left Afghanistan for their impotence, frustration and future.
The rights of women, children, journalists, civil society and human rights activists are ignored because of the activities of such ethnic groups.

Strategic Provinces taken by Taliban

In the past 48 hours two strategic provinces have fallen in the north and west.
70 people were taken hostage in the Zabul province and more than 40 soldiers in the mountains are surrounded by the enemy.
There is war in the center of the Baghlan province and the circumstances in the Kunduz region have also been very bad for many days.
The Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organisation has strong concerns about this situation.

Taliban attack Ghor province

Reports from Ghor province indicate that Taliban militants wounded and shot dozens of civilians dead after capturing Teureh district.
According to these reports, the Taliban shot a number of civilians in the market in Teureh district, and then entered the central hospital of the district and shot doctors, nurses and patients.
The Taliban concurred Teureh hours ago.

Taliban Attack Baghlan-e-Markazi District

Taliban insurgents attacked the district early Tuesday and clashes with the security forces are ongoing.

Taliban insurgents attacked Baghlan-e-Markazi district of northern Baghlan province early Tuesday morning and clashes were still ongoing by early afternoon.

The attack started about 3:00 am local time after the insurgents attacked police check posts, sources said.

“The Taliban have reached close to police headquarters of Baghlan-e-Markazi and the clashes are currently ongoing in Chawk-e-Baghlan-e- Markazi,” sources added.

In the meantime, sources at Baghlan-e-Markazi hospital confirmed that the bodies of 4 policemen bodies were taken to the hospital.

In addition 19 people were wounded including nine civilians, sources said.

The Taliban have not yet commented on the attack.

Bride Killed In Fatal Shooting Incident

Police officials said four men have been arrested in connection with the incident, of which two were from the wedding party and the other two are Mohaqiq’s guards

Kabul police on Monday said a bride was killed on Saturday night when armed men accompanying the bride and groom’s convoy fired into the air in celebration which sparked a response from nearby guards who fired on them.

The incident took place when the bridal party’s guards started shooting in the air close to the home of the CEO’s second deputy, Mohammad Mohaqiq in PD3, Sari-Karez, at about midnight. Mohaqiq’s guards then responded and fired on the bridal party.

According to Kabul police department the bride was killed in the incident and four others were wounded. The bride and groom had been on their way home after their wedding party.

Residents in the area said they do not feel secure and are afraid of such security incidents.

“When we leave our house, we do not feel secure,” said Timor Shah, another resident in the area.

Violation of personal property and human integrity in Kabul

Laila Haidari the woman who is like a light into the dark lives of drug and alcohol addicts has done through this work of her a lot for human rights. Two days ago this woman has been threatened and insulted by police, journalists and parliament press instead of being thankful towards her.

They entered her charity centre forcefully and started pointing fingers at her.
Bighro condenms this arbitrary attack of the parliament of Afghanistan at the charity centre of miss Leila Haidari and wants the Afghan government to go into the roots of this cruel event.

She had been assaulted by religious fundamentalists before too

Report about violations of human rights in Afghanistan from May 9th till June 2nd, 2017

  • Nearly 90.000 Afghans displaced in 2017, says UN: As fighting continues in many parts of Afghanistan, displacement has soared in recent months, says new UN report
  • Roadside mine blast kills children in Afghanistan: Children among those killed in separate unclaimed bombings in Kapisa and Kandahar provinces.
  • Roadside bomb kills 11 members of Afghan family: No group has so far claimed responsibility but authorities in Logar province blamed the Taliban for the killings.
  • Afghan girls defy challenges to attend school: thousands of new Afghan students are going to what for them is an unfamiliar place: a public school. But educational progress has been slow and hampered by war.
  • Ten Afghan soldiers killed in Kandahar army base attack: Deadly attack, which left at least nine troops wounded, marks another setback for NATO-backed Afghan forces.
  • Afghan plane forced to fly back after MPs miss flight: MPs deny involvement, but aviation bosses open probe after Bamiyan-bound plane is forcefully diverted back to Kabul.
  • Huge truck bomb blast kills at least 150, wounds more than 7 hundreds: Dozens of Afghan civilians killed after massive explosion rips through the heart of the capital’s diplomatic district.
  • Anti-government rally at Kabul bomb site turns deadly: Police fire into the air as human rights activists and stone-throwing protesters demand better security in wake of huge blast that killed dozens.
  • Kabul explosions rock funeral for protester, 20 killed: Attendees were gathered to mourn a victim of deadly violence a day earlier during protests decrying lack of security!