The report was based on information obtained from direct observation by field observers, the results of the investigation and prosecution of complaints and cases of human rights abuses, the Violence Against Women Database and the figures collected on civilian casualties. Some of the rights of the separate Afghan Human Rights Commission’s investigation, which has been interviewed with 3329 individuals, has also been used by other AIHRC investigations and reports from other national and international institutions. In the summary of the status report, some of the most important human rights are listed and then some of the main issues of human rights will be described.
The right to life: In Afghanistan, due to the continuation of the war and the spread of violence, the right to life has been seriously threatened in various forms, such as civilian casualties due to suicide attacks, assassinations, honor killings which many citizens are being sacrificed. According to the AIHRC, over the course of the year 1395, a total of 2860 violations of the right to life have been registered, of which 2,823 including civilian casualties and 37 others including executions without trial, assassinations, honor killings, field trials and murders that have not been investigated by the government according to law.
The right to liberty and security: In 1395, Commission recorded 203 case of individual violating the right to liberty and security. While the figure was 199 in 1394 and reached 168 in 1393. According to cases registered with the AIHRC, it can be claimed that violations of the right to liberty and security of individuals caused by the armed forces, powerful local people and armed opposition have increased over the past three years.
The right to marry and to form a family: In Afghanistan, due to the rule of some traditional and cultural adverbs, there are serious obstacles to the free choice of the spouse, and various abuses in the form of forced marriages, badging, exchanging, buying and selling girls, young people, especially young girls, are Deprived from the right of choosing their own spouse. During the fiscal year of 1395, there were 27 cases of violations of the right to freedom of marriage and the choice of spouse in the commission’s data bank, 16 of which were women and girls. 13 are related to the freedom of marriage and the choice of the spouse, and 3 are about being immune from marriage in childhood.
The right to work: The Commission’s findings over the past two years have shown that the government has not only made progress in terms of job growth but also a backdrop. Based on the results of the commission’s field inquiry in 1395, 48% of the interviewees were unemployed. While the unemployed figure reached 46% in 1394. Comparison of the two-year statistics means that the unemployment rate has increased by 2% over the past year. Considering the fact that thousands of educated young people entering the labor market graduate from the universities and science centers of the country each year show that unemployment will remain a problem in the coming years.
The right to freedom from torture and ill-treatment: Despite all the emphases that have banned torture to protect human dignity and dignity in international and national law, and with all the efforts made to improve the performance of government departments, unfortunately, it continues and through torture and ill-treatment, misbehavior, the human dignity of the citizens is discouraged. According to the commission in 1395, 82 cases of torture and ill-treatment and neglect of human dignity of citizens are registered in the Commission’s offices. The previous year, 101 cases were registered, and comparisons show that the figures for cases of torture, mistreatment, and neglect of human dignity were 10.3% lower than last year.
The right to education: Despite the fact that in recent years the government has been making serious efforts to provide educational facilities and conditions for comprehensive education in the country, many children in different parts of the country are still deprived of the right to education due to serious obstacles. 12.5% of the interviewees (826 people) stated that there is no school in the area or place of living. About 14% of interviewees (897 children) have to travel more than 3km to reach the school, and 7% (48 people) travel more than 6km from home to school every day. Long distance of home-to-school can arise serious threats to children and reduce the quality of their learning and disrupt the education process. The problem of school exclusion, especially for girls, is one of the main obstacles to leaving school. Research findings show that 70% of the interviewed children go to school regularly, 20% cannot go to school, and 10% cannot attend school regularly.
Violence Against Women: This year, violence against women continues through arbitrary punishment and prosecution and continues to be sacrificed. In the year 1395, a total of 5575 cases of violence against women were registered at the commission. The figure for violence in 2013 was 5132. Comparison of the statistics shows that violence figures increased to (8.6%) this year.
Migrants: The latest figures released by the Ministry of Refugees and Returnees indicate that the total number of Afghan refugees reaches 5,538,259, out of which 2.6 million have legal residence and asylum status and Others don’t have legal residency. The process of migrating Afghans to Europe, which continued over the past few years, has been accompanied by many problems. In addition to the pitfalls and dangers of the route to the destination country, the huge economic costs that are being borne by families are one of the main challenges of this process. The harassment of Afghan refugees in different countries and the forced deportation of immigrants from Iran and Pakistan is another issue that has become alarming in recent years.
Civilian casualties: Based on the findings of this report, civilian casualties in the year 1395 increased by 12.48% year-on-year. During the year 1395, civilian casualties reached 10,608 people (2823 killed and 7785 injured), of whom 5681 were dead, 1137 were women and 2980 were children.
Freedom of expression: The government has not systematically created a barrier to freedom of expression, but has not been successful in securing the security of journalists and media staff too. The year 1395 was a bloody year for reporters, and more than 14 media outlets lost their lives this year. According to the National Institutes of Justice, 415 cases of violence against journalists have been recorded. This situation is a serious blow to the media community and freedom of expression in the country.
The Afghan government failed to fulfill it’s obligation to secure the protesters and it is condemned by the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization.