Following the escalation of targeted assassinations of journalists, human rights activists and civil society activists in Afghanistan, human rights defenders in the country have expressed their concern about the current situation and called for security.
In recent months, targeted attacks on journalists and human rights activists in Kabul, Nangarhar, Ghazni, Ghor, Balkh, Herat and Helmand have raised security concerns. The Taliban has not claimed responsibility for the attacks, but the Afghan government has blamed the increase on peace talks.
The murder of civil activists and the media causes censorship of reality and events!
Nasim Kardan Kabul, Afghanistan: I am concerned that the killing of civil society activists and the media will lead to censorship of events and facts. And the Afghan government has failed to provide security for journalists, civil society activists and human rights activists. And I call on the Afghan government and the international community to stop the ongoing killing of human rights activists and journalists as soon as possible.
In my opinion: “The current targeted killings are causing journalists, human rights and civil rights activists to censor some events and facts, as well as the killing of journalists, human rights and civil rights activists in explosions and armed attacks. “Our work environment has had a negative impact and, on the other hand, it has caused us psychological damage.”
Barriers and threats against journalists and human rights activists are increasing day by day; But no one takes responsibility for it. The current situation has had a negative impact on journalists, human rights and civil society activists, especially women, and in some places, activists have been forced to resign. While I am concerned about security threats against journalists, human rights and civil rights activists, some journalists and media activists, human rights activists and civil society activists have recently been assassinated in various attacks, and no one has claimed responsibility for them. And those who have been forced to leave their job in a bad economic and health situation, this bad situation does not only affect one person in the family, but all family members suffer from this crisis.
Global support for journalists, human rights and civil society activists in Afghanistan:
An official from the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) also said in the days leading up to the attacks that “recent terrorist incidents” show how much human rights defenders are being threatened and pressured. That the United Nations supports human rights defenders in Afghanistan.
The representative of the European Union Office in Afghanistan also said at one of the conferences: The European Union is committed to supporting human rights defenders. He called for a thorough investigation into the recent events and said the investigation is expected to identify the perpetrators and bring them to justice.
According to Amnesty International officials, human rights activists are groups that fight violence against women, corruption, and other anomalies and include lawyers, journalists, and even teachers who teach children the values of human rights.
With these definitions of this process of insecurity against journalists, civil society activists and human rights, but so far no effective action has been taken to ensure their security; These statements remain mere words and show the weakness of management in the institutions of the Afghan government and international institutions operating in Afghanistan.
In the existence of all ups and downs in the path of going to the pools, people went to the polls and finally the presidential elections toke place on October 28.
Additionally, the campaign started on 28 August and has lasted till 48 hours before the due date of presidential election. Quite notably, in this election 15 candidates have nominated themselves.
From the perspective of the majority wise youth of Afghanistan, the lake or and denial of plans with most of the candidates of presidential election can push and lead the political situation into a total misery in which the evil of discrimination will dominate the plans for well being of all the nation.
Having said that, the inclusion of the politically failed, weak and so-called politicians in most of the candidate’s teams of campaign is an alert that most of these candidates have no plans of wellbeing or lake of economic, political, social, programs etc.
According to reports, 3360 polls centers have been safe and open for people to vote which is 67 % of all poll centers; however, the poll centers which were either in danger or blocked accounted for 2013 which is 37% of all poll centers.
Presidential elections in Afghanistan were lighter than previous rounds, and people’s participation in the process was less reported, citing a few factors that undermined the popularity of the presidential election:
Unbelief in the transparency of the process.
Influence the peace negotiation process with the Taliban.
Security and threats.
Closed polling stations, especially in populous provinces such as Balkh, Faryab, etc.
Disbelief in the capacity of the IEC.
To be disappointed from the results of the last presidential and parliamentary elections.
Postponing the elections several times.
Providing separation of presidential elections from provincial councils.
Lack of modern advertising strategies, including the government and the IEC.
Threats to boycott elections by candidates and populous people.
As in previous elections, there have been numerous frauds in the past, which make the election a serious crisis.
Seriously of all the Afghan people will be asked to publish rumors that hurt public confidence and transparency in the electoral process to avoid them apart. And the election commission responsible for counting the votes, complaints commission handling, to use the transparency of the process to the best of their ability, so that the results and all teams must respect the rules.
This view has caused people every day to face major challenges, such as no respect for women’s rights, child marriage, and dozens of challenges of this kind, which some families are most affected. One of the challenges that I can point out is honor killings or (family killings). In the last few days, we witnessed the death of one of the Afghan women’s journalist and Cultural Adviser to the Afghan Parliament Ms. Mina Mangal, the murder of her by her former husband.
These threats are not taken very seriously in Afghanistan. If this was the case, Ms. Mina Mangal wrote a few days ago on her Facebook account of threats from unknown individuals. This is one of the thousands of killings that we are getting to know because this woman was one of the media figures in Afghanistan and had direct contact with the Afghan media to report all the media in Afghanistan about this newsstand. If we see more of these cases that are out of the view of the media and people are not aware.
A few days ago a person called Zohre was in contact with me, while she was crying, told me she was again threatened with death, Ms. Zohre, who was once a victim of family violence, and in an inhuman act by her husband Acid was sprayed and the whole face burned and lost in that incident, so now she has not taken any organs to help reconstruct her face. I asked her what was going on. She replied that after her husband was imprisoned by the Afghan government, her father decided to go from Kabul to Ghazni, but Zohre was not ready to go to the province.
According to Zohre: (If I go from Kabul to Ghazni, my dad and uncle’s sons want to force my little sister and daughter to sell), her sister and daughter are children. Zohre had lost all of her face; Zohre was only 9 when she was married. Uncle’s sons and her father have said to Zohre: (If you do not come to Ghazni, you will be blamed for everything that comes to you).
If we act late, Zohre may face the fate of Mina Mogul! So let’s hurry to help her not to be late, and then before we lose Zohre, and then write down her death and publish it, then it will not be of any use. We have to do something before the incident occurs.
We call on the Afghan government to be more vigilant in protecting human rights and protecting their citizens ‘rights so that other people do not see their loved ones’ death. And at the same time, we are asking the international community and the civil organizations and human rights organizations to help directly with such individuals.
A rocket attack at a school in Ghazni province in Afghanistan, has killed 4 students and 13 others with two teachers have been injured. So far no group has confirmed the attack, but earlier such attacks have been confirmed by the Taliban group.
We call on all involved groups to stop civilian casualties as soon as possible and urged the international community to put pressure on Taliban supporters to stop the killing of civilians. And also we call on the Afghan government, as the first-degree officer, to take responsibility for protecting the lives of civilians.
The year 2018 is the bloodiest year for civilians in Afghanistan; more than 10,000 civilians were killed and injured this year. Civilian casualties, sexual harassment, corruption, the existence of child labor and sexual harassment, violence against women, neglect of war victims and the rule of the culture of impunity are among the most serious violations of human rights in Afghanistan. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was approved by the United Nations on December 10, 1984, and Afghanistan is also in a position to implement the Declaration. The pursuit of justice and the punishment of human criminals over the past four decades has been a demand that has been raised for many years by any Afghan citizen. But so far, global and national human rights organizations have failed to comply. There is a crisis of immigration; for the worst management of immigration by the Afghan government and the failure of other countries to comply with the human rights principles of immigrants. As insecurity in Afghanistan has led to the displacement of a large number of people and a large number of students have been forced to leave school, 60% of which are girls.
Air operations are another challenge that more than six hundred civilians have been killed or wounded by Afghan and US military forces, 60 percent of whom are women and children. Fraud and violations of parliamentary elections and its effects on the upcoming presidential elections. I cite a few cases: “Major violence in parliamentary elections occurred in October 2018 with numerous insurgent attacks on candidates and polling centers, including schools. Targeted attacks on voters, roads and polling stations More than 400 civilians were killed or wounded on Election Day. Fraud and vote buying have caused the presidential election will be under of question in 2019. “A total of 16 journalists were killed in 2018, of which 11 were killed in ISIS attacks. The Taliban have warned journalists to death. And have attacked media workers.
While we emphasize the principle of the talks between the Afghan government with Taliban, and the monitoring of human rights and international organizations, And during the talks, we urge the parties to protect the lives and rights of civilians and prioritize the implementation of justice against war criminals.
We are moving to Kabul’s Isteqlal Hospital in Afghanistan and we have been told that a woman has been acid spray three months ago, and she is hospitalized at the same hospital. After searching a lot inside the hospital, we searched for this woman. In confronting this lady and looking at her, we found that the woman had completely lost her face in acid spraying, which only weakly saw her one eye.
After asking the woman, she introduced herself: (I am 27 years old and my family name is Sarwari). I am Nasim Kardan opened the conversation with her. She has been acidified by her 50-year-old husband.
When Zohre was migrating with her parents in Iran, at that time, in 2000, Zohre was only 9-years-old. Zohre’s family paid her 3,000,00 to the Iranian currency at that time to marry a person named Nazar Mohammad, 32-years-old, who is son of the father’s uncle of Zohre. Zohre is unaware that she is married to a man of her father’s age. As long as people tell her, you are a married woman, you must live with him. According to Zohre, after hearing this point, I was ashamed of all the people, because I did not understand Zohre confused. After several years, Zohre’s husband and his family were beating her a lot. Zohre said, “I felt so pain whenever they knocked me down, maybe death was better for me.” It’s not easy for a person beat with stick and water pipe. According to the father of Zohre, Abdul Rahman: (I told Zohre several times to complaint the government, but he will abandon. Zohre’s reason was that if she complained, he would be free again after a few days and Zohre would be in danger.). Zohre continues to talk about his father saying that the government is not capable of securing people how can they help me!
For the time being, Zohre has four children. A girl named Zahra, 14-years-old, and three sons named Adris 12-years-old, Abraham, 7-years-old, and Ismail is 5-years-old. “My husband always doubted me and said that you had an outspoken relationship with other men, saying that always you have sex with your sister’s husband, because you are very friendly,” said Zohre. I have not had a relationship with any man. Zohre continued, “My husband prevented me from going to my parents’ home and not allowing me to see them.” My husband, Nazar Muhammad, repeatedly threatened me to kill and said to me: “I will kill you with your parents and all your brothers and sisters.” I could not nothing I just cry. Nazar Mohammad repeatedly threw me out his house and saying you would not allow to come in to this house. After a few days he regretted and took me home again.
The atrocities of Nazar Muhammad’s continued until one day, Nazar Mohammad told me: “I have violated your brothers, I do not believe that he has done this.” As I asked my brothers, they denied the aggression at first. As long as Nazar Mohammad told my brothers: (Remember, those days when I showed you Cicks movie and then I raped you?) Zohre admitted that her brothers had been raped by her husband.
Zohre has two brothers named Omid 14-year-old and Hamed 12-years-old; once Omid has been raped by Zohre’s husband, and Hamed, 12, has been raped several times by her husband. “When I heard this, I decided to separate myself from the viewpoint of Nazar Mohammad,” said Zohre, in a state of pressure that caused her throat. When he heard this, me and my mother was threatened to death. He has a letter and saying: “I will be imprisoned your mother”. Zohre said: “I do not know what that letter was about, only he threatening me with that letter. After finding that I did not show any reaction, he once again threatened my mother with acid spraying. When I heard this, I told my mother that she be careful, so he would not be acidic to my mother.
I asked Zohre why you did not go to the safe houses run by the Afghan government? Zohre replied (like you do not know from the safe houses, what’s going on there, Safe homes are a place where women are sexually abused and raped them.)
According to Zohre, after a few days, again, Nazar Muhammad came to my father’s house where I was living, and again he threatened me to death, and I told him: (you and me are no longer a husband or wife. Why you want to enter in my house? “) Nazar Muhammad’s comments with his family forcefully entered our house, and threw me in one of the rooms and locked the door inside the room, I was along with my husband, my mother-in-law, (Bobogol), and Nazar Mohammad’s sister husband, (Ahmed Shah). These three people beat me up, only in my husband’s hand was a knife, and his pocket was a bottle of acid. In the same scene, Nazar Muhammad had wanted to knock me several times, but Ahmad Shah prevented him from joining me. I was breathing so fast. I wanted to open the windows, but they did not let me open the windows. I pushed my face toward me, a moment’s pain with a breath arose. Zohre expressed her feelings as follow: At that time, I thought I’d be dead to his knife, so I felt so bad. Suddenly, I remembered that this pain was not a knife, but there was also acid! I have not walked, I just made myself to the door and I called for help, my daughter Zahra came and helped me, she did give up water, and it was flooded in my face. I was very painful with burning in the face and some parts of my body. Police came and arrested Nazar Mohammad and took me to the hospital.
The case occurred three months ago in Kabul, the capital, so far several Afghan media outlets interviewed Zohre. And they have been promising for them to help, but no help has been given to Zohre. Also, one of the representatives of the Afghan parliament, named Ms. Fawzia Kofi, also visited Zohre, but did not do any good work for Zohre and by taking a few photos it was finished. Zohre is in a bad psychological state.
Zohre is asking for help from all Oregon women’s rights advocates, human rights activists and other people. Because she said: “The government of Afghanistan has done nothing and will not do anything.” Zohre has no one inside of Afghanistan to help them; she has no home to live, no money for daily living, says Zohre: “If I leave the hospital, I’m still at risk of dying.” Because the Nazar Mohammad’s family threatens to kill by phone call. They demand the release of Nazar Mohammad, the family of Nazar Mohammad says: “If Nazar Mohammad is not released from prison, we will kill you and all the families.”
Note: The occurrence of such incidents in Kabul a few steps by the Presidential Palace, foreign offices and Overseas helping to develop democracy, civil society and human rights activists are a human disaster. There is nothing useful in Afghanistan to eliminate violence and defend the rights of Afghan citizens. Therefore, the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organizations has asked Amnesty International to consider the case seriously.
Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organizations also asked the Afghan government to respond seriously! Why is it after millions of dollars of international community support to the Witnesses of Violence Against Women still there is no a safe place for women who face such violent incidents?
The parliamentary elections scheduled for 20/10/2018 can be decisive for the future of Afghanistan, but this fate depends directly on the people’s vote. The role of people in political destiny will be very prominent in the face of the positive and negative aspects of society for future.
Voting is a personal right and obligation to exercise political authority in a democratic system through voter voting and participation in elections.
The objective reality of the society and the national interests of Afghanistan requires that every Afghan citizen must consider himself to be part of the elections, and that voting is not only an individual political right, but also a collective and national duty. By deliberately using his right to vote, the fate and the country Afghanistan accurately and accurately.
As well as the people of Afghanistan are aware of people who have been involved in Afghan civil wars, which have plundered property of people, or destroyed public and private places, and committed many human’s crimes. They either nominated themselves or their offsprings are candidates. Afghan people should use their votes consciously. If the Afghan people enter the election stage with further information, they can have a legitimate parliament in the future.
What is the role of women in the election and what will their participation in the elections have for them, or the realization of democracy in Afghanistan?
Based on a democratic attitude, all people in society, regardless of gender and social status, have the right to equal decision-making and interference in collective affairs. In societies where gender inequality and patriarchal rule prevail, and social and cultural barriers to women’s social presence and activities, elections are a good opportunity for women to emulate their legal and political aspirations and desires. And focus their support through active voting, by identifying their needs and needs in a political direction and position, which will result in a change in the status and improvement of the situation of women.
For more than a decade, the political system in Afghanistan has been based on the criteria of democratic principles and values. But in line with the widespread participation of women in the elections, due to the lack of awareness and the low level of literacy, women vote in a variety of ways that is inadequate to men’s needs and wishes. While women are predominantly in the electoral process. If their level of recognition and self-awareness is high and civil rights activists in Afghanistan defend women’s rights within Afghanistan, they can raise awareness of women’s political consciousness, and they can make their vote and participate in the deliberate election. This can change the role of women in the election from being ineffective to improve their living conditions. Women and young people were not in the midst of civil wars, and women who currently nominate themselves do not have 80% of them independent and do not belong to any party.
Note: Transparency in the Afghan parliamentary election process is a must, and any decision that will lead to transparency in the electoral process will be supported by the international community and human rights institutions. According to which every citizen has the right to vote to determine their own destiny.
Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization welcomes the decision of the IEC to use the bio-metrics system in the upcoming parliamentary elections in Afghanistan. The bio-metric system can, to a large extent, prevent fraud in the election.
And we also hope that these elections will result in transparency, justice and legitimacy, and none of the citizens of Afghanistan will be deprived of their citizenship!
Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization asks the Government of Afghanistan! So that on the election’s day it will use all means to ensure the safety of the people in order to use their right to vote in a safe environment.
Infection of children with AIDS in Iran. It is said that most children of garbage in Iran are Afghan refugee children, which are used by contractors of municipalities. These Afghan refugee children are forced to work due to poverty and economic difficulties and to gain a piece of bread, sheltered children Which is not supported by any institution in its own country and not in immigration, and the situation is not being addressed, the work of the garbage collection threatens the health of these Afghan refugee children.
It can be noted that the situation of the Afghan refugee children is very acutely reported. These Afghan refugee children are ill, get AIDS, and burry them there at the garbage disposal sites.
Every day, a new leaflet is added to the Afghan refugee children’s dump. Today, the main source of waste in different parts of Iran is the use of children who are exploited as cheap labor. More than 50% of these Afghan refugee children.
These Afghan refugee children have been harsh for various reasons, and some of them are being sexually abused. In addition, some Afghan refugee children are suffering from hunger, malnutrition, addiction, skin diseases, infectious diseases, and so on…
In the most recent case of child abuse, an Afghan refugee child in Iran, who has been subjected to physical violence by a staff member of one of Tehran’s municipalities, the video we have at our disposal is cutting the child’s ear with a razor and can see the statements from the child’s own expression.
Afghan refugee children are always subject to violence and discrimination on the part of the Islamic Republic of Iran, even Afghan refugee children are illegally fired and fled to Afghanistan. The return of these immigrant children in Afghanistan is worrying.
Some of these Afghan refugee children are being abused by gangsters and delinquents to steal. In this context, any neglect of their situation can lead to the trafficking of these individuals by gangsters and delinquents, both in Iran and in Afghanistan. Today, children’s practitioners and activists are worried about these threats, and everyone needs to take appropriate action to remedy this problem.
The prejudice behavior of the Islamic Republic of Iran is against human rights and immigration conventions, and it is strongly recommended that all human rights organizations and refugees, particularly the UNHCR, pay special attention to this. otherwise, we would not see such a performance by the Iranian government.
The World Human Rights Organization of Belgium: The Afghan government to take this matter seriously! The negligence of the Afghan government in this regard represents a violation of human rights, which has always had a drawback in protecting the lives of its citizens.
There has been a major increase in civilian casualties as a result of the new tactics of the Taliban and other extremist and insurgent groups in the last three months, which has left at least 450 dead and more than 2,000 wounded. This is unacceptable for human rights activists in Afghanistan and they express their deep concerns about this issue. They acknowledge that the following two factors are the main reasons for this disaster in Afghanistan.
First, Taliban insurgents and other extremist groups, including the Pakistani Taliban, ISIL and the Haqqani Network are committing crimes against humanity and are killing and terrorizing Afghan people by applying various advanced tactics every day. They use the weaknesses that exist in the leadership of the Afghan security forces and they always target the populated and crowded areas and cause civilian casualties.
Second, the Afghan government. The Afghan government has appointed people with disabilities and lack of administrative capacity, on top of this lack of leadership in the security and intelligence sectors of the country based on personal or party preferences creates gaps and flows in the leadership of security forces. When security forces are led by those who are not capable of governing, thus it paves the way for insurgent groups to implement their sinister plans at any place in Afghanistan easily. Admittedly, the blast at Tebyan Center in the western part of Kabul city and the terrorist attack on the Intercontinental Hotel represents the lack of leadership in security forces and shows how horrific, cruel and dangerous the insurgent groups are and can be.
In order to reduce the casualties of civilians and to protect civil and social institutions, the people of Afghanistan are calling on all human rights activists and organizations around the world to exert pressure on the Taliban insurgents and other terrorist groups to stop violence against civilians and ask Afghan government to bring reforms in security forces leadership.
At the end, once again the Belgian Independent Human Rights Organization strongly condemns the recent attacks in Kabul and calls for the immediate cessation of this situation in Afghanistan.
Suicide attackers hit Shia worshippers in Herat: The attack took place in the middle of evening prayers when the mosque was packed with about 300 worshipers which dozens were killed and several wounded in critical condition after blast.
Suicide attack hits NATO convoy in Kandahar: Two US soldiers have been killed by a suicide bomber who targeted a convoy of foreign forces in Afghanistan’s southern province of Kandahar.
The Afghan’s robotics team member loses father in attack: Father of Fatemah Qaderyan, who got famous by leading a team of robotics travelling to US, was injured by ISIS’s Herat assault.
Suicide bomber targets military convoy in Kabul: Taliban suicide bomber targets military convoy in Afghanistan’s capital.
Taliban fighters killed in Afghanistan clash: At least 40 Taliban fighters have been killed in a gun battle with Afghan security forces that lasted for 12 hours in Helmand province.
Dozens killed in Afghan massacre: officials say up to 50 people killed in fighting in Mirzawalang village in northern Sar-e- Pul .
Taliban freed 235 villagers in northern Afghanistan: Civilians were released after negotiations between Taliban and tribal elders, but an unknown number of civilians are still hostage.
Unemployed Afghan widows left in poverty: Women widowed as a result of war in Afghanistan are often are often left in poverty.
The United Nations estimates more than two million have lost their husbands in decades of conflicts, some are forced to beg on the streets because they can’t find a job.
Civilians killed in air raid on Taliban base: An investigation has been launched into air raids targeting a Taliban base that resulted in the deaths of at least 13 civilians, including women and children in Herat province.
Asif Mohmand, a member of the Balkh Provincial Council in Afghanistan was arrested by security forces at Mazar airport after his supporters allegedly clashed with security forces on Monday night resulting in the death of two people, local officials said on Tuesday.
In addition, three others supporters of Mohmand were wounded in the clash with security forces.
Mohmand has been accused of being involved in corruption in a number of the projects in the province, officials said.
Farhad Munir, a spokesman for the provincial governor says that “Asif Mohmand was arrested by police on the orders of the attorney general and he is under investigation.”
The incident unfolded on Monday when Mohmand landed at Mazar-e-Sharif airport. Police were at the airport to arrest him but according to officials Mohmand’s supporters kept police away from him for ten hours.
However, the Provincial Police Chief Kamal Sadat said: “I am not aware of any warrant for Asif Mohmand’s arrest and he was arrested on Noor’s orders.”
Last week, Mohmand held a press conference where he claimed that the “Governor of Balkh (Atta Mohammad Noor) was planning to assassinate him” because he criticized Noor. He also said the “governor of Balkh threatened him with death.”
At the time Mohmand said he was not able to travel to Balkh and appealed to government to investigate the issues, So president Ashraf Ghani AhmadZai ordered a Team to probe Mohmand’s arrest.
Mohmand was released on Thursday and immediately returned to Kabul where he held a press conference.
Mohmand claimed at the press conference that he was “badly beaten” by Noor, his sons and his bodyguard while allegedly in the governor’s custody.
“His (Atta Mohammad Noor’s) son caught my ear with his teeth and tore it off completely. His other son (Noor’s son) hit here (pointing to his face); his father (Noor himself) beat me badly,” claimed Mohmand.
“One of his (Noor’s) bodyguards named Parwiz said shoot him (Mohmand) with a gun. My hands were tied. He (Parwiz) hit the back of my head with his gun and injured my head. My injuries (to my face) were bandaged by the National Directorate of Security (personnel); I have not bandaged them,” he added.
Mohmand went on to say: “When he (Parwiz) hit my head, I was left unconscious. Ustad Atta (Atta Mohammadi Noor) put his leg on my neck.”
However, the Balkh governor’s spokesman Munir Ahmad Farhad rejected the claims and said they stem from “personal enmity from Mohmand.”
“It is laughable and is not logical,” he said.
Meanwhile, Gul Rahman Hamdard, the son of Juma Khan Hamdard, former governor of Paktia, rejected claims by the Balkh governor’s office that Hamdard’s militia had tried to prevent the arrest of Mohmand at Balkh airport on Tuesday.
“Let’s conduct an open dialogue and make it clear that the persons who are those fighting against the government in Chamtal, Koh-e-Alborz and Chalborak (districts) in Balkh,” he said.
A number of Balkh residents meanwhile said the current tension over the situation is not benefiting the people and could affect security in the county.
“This issue should be solved peacefully in order to boost security in Mazar city,” said Zubair, a resident of Balkh.
“This issue should be investigated impartially and fairly,” said Omid, another resident of Balkh.
This comes after a fact-finding team from the Presidential Palace was sent to the province on Wednesday and met with the Balkh governor to talk about the issue.
The nine-member team was led by the deputy attorney general of Afghanistan.
Mohmand was arrested late Tuesday night at Balkh international airport by Afghan security forces on charges including forgery of government documents and corruption.
However, a lack of clarity has prevailed as to who issued an arrest warrant. The attorney general’s office has denied having done so.
Unfortunately one of the guards of Asif Mohmand was killed in the incident and four others were wounded this was a bitter event and we the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization strongly condemn the incident.
The report was based on information obtained from direct observation by field observers, the results of the investigation and prosecution of complaints and cases of human rights abuses, the Violence Against Women Database and the figures collected on civilian casualties. Some of the rights of the separate Afghan Human Rights Commission’s investigation, which has been interviewed with 3329 individuals, has also been used by other AIHRC investigations and reports from other national and international institutions. In the summary of the status report, some of the most important human rights are listed and then some of the main issues of human rights will be described.
The right to life: In Afghanistan, due to the continuation of the war and the spread of violence, the right to life has been seriously threatened in various forms, such as civilian casualties due to suicide attacks, assassinations, honor killings which many citizens are being sacrificed. According to the AIHRC, over the course of the year 1395, a total of 2860 violations of the right to life have been registered, of which 2,823 including civilian casualties and 37 others including executions without trial, assassinations, honor killings, field trials and murders that have not been investigated by the government according to law.
The right to liberty and security: In 1395, Commission recorded 203 case of individual violating the right to liberty and security. While the figure was 199 in 1394 and reached 168 in 1393. According to cases registered with the AIHRC, it can be claimed that violations of the right to liberty and security of individuals caused by the armed forces, powerful local people and armed opposition have increased over the past three years.
The right to marry and to form a family: In Afghanistan, due to the rule of some traditional and cultural adverbs, there are serious obstacles to the free choice of the spouse, and various abuses in the form of forced marriages, badging, exchanging, buying and selling girls, young people, especially young girls, are Deprived from the right of choosing their own spouse. During the fiscal year of 1395, there were 27 cases of violations of the right to freedom of marriage and the choice of spouse in the commission’s data bank, 16 of which were women and girls. 13 are related to the freedom of marriage and the choice of the spouse, and 3 are about being immune from marriage in childhood.
The right to work: The Commission’s findings over the past two years have shown that the government has not only made progress in terms of job growth but also a backdrop. Based on the results of the commission’s field inquiry in 1395, 48% of the interviewees were unemployed. While the unemployed figure reached 46% in 1394. Comparison of the two-year statistics means that the unemployment rate has increased by 2% over the past year. Considering the fact that thousands of educated young people entering the labor market graduate from the universities and science centers of the country each year show that unemployment will remain a problem in the coming years.
The right to freedom from torture and ill-treatment: Despite all the emphases that have banned torture to protect human dignity and dignity in international and national law, and with all the efforts made to improve the performance of government departments, unfortunately, it continues and through torture and ill-treatment, misbehavior, the human dignity of the citizens is discouraged. According to the commission in 1395, 82 cases of torture and ill-treatment and neglect of human dignity of citizens are registered in the Commission’s offices. The previous year, 101 cases were registered, and comparisons show that the figures for cases of torture, mistreatment, and neglect of human dignity were 10.3% lower than last year.
The right to education: Despite the fact that in recent years the government has been making serious efforts to provide educational facilities and conditions for comprehensive education in the country, many children in different parts of the country are still deprived of the right to education due to serious obstacles. 12.5% of the interviewees (826 people) stated that there is no school in the area or place of living. About 14% of interviewees (897 children) have to travel more than 3km to reach the school, and 7% (48 people) travel more than 6km from home to school every day. Long distance of home-to-school can arise serious threats to children and reduce the quality of their learning and disrupt the education process. The problem of school exclusion, especially for girls, is one of the main obstacles to leaving school. Research findings show that 70% of the interviewed children go to school regularly, 20% cannot go to school, and 10% cannot attend school regularly.
Violence Against Women: This year, violence against women continues through arbitrary punishment and prosecution and continues to be sacrificed. In the year 1395, a total of 5575 cases of violence against women were registered at the commission. The figure for violence in 2013 was 5132. Comparison of the statistics shows that violence figures increased to (8.6%) this year.
Migrants: The latest figures released by the Ministry of Refugees and Returnees indicate that the total number of Afghan refugees reaches 5,538,259, out of which 2.6 million have legal residence and asylum status and Others don’t have legal residency. The process of migrating Afghans to Europe, which continued over the past few years, has been accompanied by many problems. In addition to the pitfalls and dangers of the route to the destination country, the huge economic costs that are being borne by families are one of the main challenges of this process. The harassment of Afghan refugees in different countries and the forced deportation of immigrants from Iran and Pakistan is another issue that has become alarming in recent years.
Civilian casualties: Based on the findings of this report, civilian casualties in the year 1395 increased by 12.48% year-on-year. During the year 1395, civilian casualties reached 10,608 people (2823 killed and 7785 injured), of whom 5681 were dead, 1137 were women and 2980 were children.
Freedom of expression: The government has not systematically created a barrier to freedom of expression, but has not been successful in securing the security of journalists and media staff too. The year 1395 was a bloody year for reporters, and more than 14 media outlets lost their lives this year. According to the National Institutes of Justice, 415 cases of violence against journalists have been recorded. This situation is a serious blow to the media community and freedom of expression in the country.
The Afghan government failed to fulfill it’s obligation to secure the protesters and it is condemned by the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization.
The Taliban and ISIS slaughtered more than 150 civilians in Sar-i-Pul province and taken 48 young teenage girls as sex slaves, which are considered human rights violations, and the Afghan government has also neglected in securing these people.
We, the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organization condemn this human crime.
Citizens of Afghanistan who start their days by worrying about another suicide attack, are also facing other threats, one of the most important is the ethnic rivalry of Afghan politicians.
If we ask any resident of Kabul about pre-Taleban, you will hear painful stories.
The days when Kabul, Afghanistan, was divided between ethnic groups when they raided each other’s neighborhoods and treated each other with cruelty.
These crimes are so alive in the minds of Afghan citizens that they are horrified when they see Afghan politicians coming with identity games.
A number of Afghan politicians still have ethnic support among Afghan security forces. The security forces are very loyal to the politicians and because of this loyality there is a split between them too. Which can create a dangerous division within the security forces.
The events that took place near the German embassy in Kabul after a suicide bombing on May 31, the explosion at a funeral and the killing of protesters, highlighted ethnic divisions even among senior Afghan politicians.
The recent move by the three tribal leaders to create a new party is indicative of more strides between Afghan politicians. These leaders, Abdul Rashid Dostum (First Vice President), Mohammad Mohaqiq (Deputy Chief Executive Officer) and Atta Mohammad Noor (governor of Balkh province), who formed the “Rescue of Afghanistan” party, are actually seeking more government involvement and not accountability or respect for human rights.
Short-term policies that the United States had in Afghanistan will not eliminate the fundamental tests of the Afghan government. Examinations include the failure of the government to institutionalize respect for the law in the camp, courts, police and other institutions, and this has failed to make every effort to achieve lasting peace and stability in Afghanistan.
The situation in Afghanistan is so critical that it made 35.000 soldiers to leave Afghanistan and immigrate to European countries in 2 years time, namely in 2015 and 2016. This is like a danger alert for Afghanistan. Already thousands of people left Afghanistan for their impotence, frustration and future.
The rights of women, children, journalists, civil society and human rights activists are ignored because of the activities of such ethnic groups.
In the past 48 hours two strategic provinces have fallen in the north and west.
70 people were taken hostage in the Zabul province and more than 40 soldiers in the mountains are surrounded by the enemy.
There is war in the center of the Baghlan province and the circumstances in the Kunduz region have also been very bad for many days.
The Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organisation has strong concerns about this situation.
Reports from Ghor province indicate that Taliban militants wounded and shot dozens of civilians dead after capturing Teureh district.
According to these reports, the Taliban shot a number of civilians in the market in Teureh district, and then entered the central hospital of the district and shot doctors, nurses and patients.
The Taliban concurred Teureh hours ago.
The Afghan government’s lack of respect for street children, especially girls, has led to the rape of these children and even the birth on the streets. This is condemned by the Belgian Independent Global Human Rights Organisation.
Police officials said four men have been arrested in connection with the incident, of which two were from the wedding party and the other two are Mohaqiq’s guards
Kabul police on Monday said a bride was killed on Saturday night when armed men accompanying the bride and groom’s convoy fired into the air in celebration which sparked a response from nearby guards who fired on them.
The incident took place when the bridal party’s guards started shooting in the air close to the home of the CEO’s second deputy, Mohammad Mohaqiq in PD3, Sari-Karez, at about midnight. Mohaqiq’s guards then responded and fired on the bridal party.
According to Kabul police department the bride was killed in the incident and four others were wounded. The bride and groom had been on their way home after their wedding party.
Residents in the area said they do not feel secure and are afraid of such security incidents.
“When we leave our house, we do not feel secure,” said Timor Shah, another resident in the area.
Laila Haidari the woman who is like a light into the dark lives of drug and alcohol addicts has done through this work of her a lot for human rights. Two days ago this woman has been threatened and insulted by police, journalists and parliament press instead of being thankful towards her.
They entered her charity centre forcefully and started pointing fingers at her.
Bighro condenms this arbitrary attack of the parliament of Afghanistan at the charity centre of miss Leila Haidari and wants the Afghan government to go into the roots of this cruel event.
She had been assaulted by religious fundamentalists before too