I’m, Nasim Kardan, just one year ago, in one of the areas of Kabul, Afghanistan, was surveying the low-income and poor people of this area of Kabul, known as the Chehel Dokhtar and Kata Bolandi, which is mostly inhabited by Hazaras, and is one of the most deprived areas. I was busy enrolling because some of our friends living outside Afghanistan had donated food aid to the poor. Suddenly my phone rang and I answered. I saw that she was one of my friends and she knew where I was that day. After I greeted her, she asked me: Where are you and how are you?
I said: Yes, I am fine, how about that?
She said: “I heard the news that a terrorist attack took place in a hospital near you. I wanted to know about you; Then her call was end off because my phone number did not work well. Then I found out that a little further away, in one of the hospitals in the same area, the terrorists attacked and entered the obstetric hospital where the women were giving birth, and shot all the people inside the hospital with barrage of bullets. In that attack, women and children were killed.
If these areas are very deprived of the capital of the country, this deprivation was limited. People did not have access to the simplest basic facilities of life, namely water, electricity, roads and clinics, while this area is very crowded. And as far as I know, the people deliberately kept this place in this state, and this is a completely systematic inhuman act, and it is done deliberately by the Afghan government.
I saw: the houses in this area are not livable at all, but people live in those houses because they do not have enough income. And the most victims of this violence are women, children and the elderly. I asked one of the ladies, “Are you using government aid?” She said no.
I asked, “What do you see as the reason?” “Government officials who come see only a few houses and leave, not all of them,” she said. She added and gave me an example and said: The process that started under the name Dester Khowan Mili (National Tablecloth) Everyone knows that every family deserves ten loaves of bread, but in this area we have only one loaf of bread and sometimes two loaves of bread We do not receive rest of our rights and do not given by the government.
In the last case of this violence (the genocide of the Hazaras) of course one of the most heinous and bloody, a few days ago, I found out that some of the girls who were killed were talking to me last year and telling me about their lessons: We weave carpets at home to cover our school expenses so that we can continue our education. They hoped to go to university in the future and have a good future, but unfortunately some of them are no longer alive and were buried with all their dreams.
The Hazaras are historically the only large ethnic group in Afghanistan that has seen the most restrictions from various Afghan governments. But for various political and social reasons, this fact is hidden from the public views. In addition to all these restrictions, unfortunately, another reality that almost all Afghan governments deny is the genocide of the Hazaras.
According to the United Nations, I consider the following historical cases to be the genocide of the Hazaras:
- The massacre of the Hazaras by Abdul Rahman Khan: Between 1880 and 1901 and the massacres, approximately 63% of the total Hazara population was killed and the rest either left their area or were enslaved.
- Afshar Massacre: On February 10, 1993, the forces of the Shura-e-Nezar and the Islamic republic of Afghanistan did not spare even women, children and the elderly, as it has never been determined, because the Afghan government has always refused to pursue this incident.
- Mazar-e-Sharif massacre: According to documents and evidence, thousands of Hazara men, women and children were killed by the Taliban in August 1998 in Mazar-e-Sharif.
- Quetta Massacres: The genocide of Hazaras in Pakistan has killed more than 2,000 people and injured thousands between 2008 and 2014.
In the latest Hazara genocide in Afghanistan, it is done in different ways. I can mention some examples of Hazara genocide:
Killings in religious buildings, stadiums, schools and scientific places, in civil demonstrations, in religious ceremonies, killings in hospitals, on highways and… In the latest case of this Hazara genocide, and of course one of the most heinous and bloody, a few days ago, a car bomb exploded at the entrance of a school called Sayd al-Shuhada High School on the outskirts of the Hazara and deprived area west of the capital of Afghanistan. It targeted female students and most children at the school. As children left the school in groups, a car full of explosives exploded among the girls. After the first explosion, two improvised explosive devices were detonated. So far, at least 85 people, most of them female students under the age of 18, have been killed and more than 150 others injured. There is a possibility of an increase in the number of deaths and the injured who are in serious condition.
Genocide is an old crime and a new concept. Of course, in a way, explaining genocide to those who have not been affected by it seems difficult for everyone to be aware of the need to deal legally with the crime of murder, and every country has a law to prohibit and punish this crime. But the mass murder of one group of people by another group falls under a different area of legal responsibility. Before the advent of weapons of mass destruction, no single human being could kill millions of other human beings, and he needed many people to help him/her in this horrific massacre. Therefore, this act was the behavior of many against others. In essence, genocide is the behavior of a specific group against a group. In recent decades, genocide in the name of the majority has taken place against the minority. Methods of genocide in various fields: political, social, cultural, economic, biological, physical, religious and moral.
The term “genocide” did not exist until 1944. This very specific term refers to violent crimes committed against a group with the intent to destroy it. On December 9, 1948, the United Nations was forced to ratify the Convention on the Prohibition and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide under the influence of genocidal events around the world. Under the convention, “genocide” was recognized as an international crime, and the signatory states were required to “prohibit and punish” it. This convention defines genocide as follows. Genocide means any of the following acts committed with the aim of destroying part or all of a nation, ethnicity, racial or religious group:
(A) Killing group members (B) inflicting severe physical or mental harm on group members (C) The deliberate imposition of certain types of living conditions on a group with the aim of physically destroying part or all of the group (D) Imposition of measures to prevent childbirth in the group (E) Forced transfer of children from one group to another.
I consider the Afghan government to be involved in this genocide of the Hazaras, because it has made many shortcomings for the simplest possible task, which is the security of this people; According to the latest reports by a local newspaper in an interview with the director of the Seyd al-Shohada school, it is clear that the security forces were aware of the attack but did not act if they could have closed the school to prevent the killing of children, it was not happening.